On the effects of cutting speed and cooling methodologies in grooving operation of various tempers of β-titanium alloy

Machai, C.1, a; Iqbal, A.2, b; Biermann, D.1, c; Upmeier, T.1, d; Schumann, S.1, e

Institut für Spanende Fertigung, Technische Universität Dortmund, Baroper Str. 303, 44227 Dortmund
School of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

a) machai@isf.de; b) asif.asifiqbal@gmail.com; c) biermann@isf.de; d) upmeier@isf.de; e) schumann@isf.de


High strength and its retention at elevated temperatures render titanium alloys highly difficult to cut. Of commonly used titanium alloys, β-alloys are the ones possessing highest values of strength. Higher productivity in machining demands higher cutting speed and its implementation generates even more heat at primary and secondary shear zones. Poor thermal conductivity of titanium causes concentration of excessive heat near the cutting edge, which in turn, leads to rapid damage of cutting tool. The situation, thus, demands application of an innovative cooling methodology that would cause effective removal of heat in order to make implementation of higher cutting speeds viable. The paper describes an experimental investigation carried out to quantify the effects of high levels of cutting speed and the influence of carbon dioxide snow (CO2-snow) as an innovative cooling methodologies in machining of three tempers of β-titanium alloy. A comparison was made among various cooling techniques, which consisted of following: conventional flood emulsion; impingement of jet of CO2-snow at the rake face, the flank face, the rake and flank faces together; and the combination of the CO2-jet and MQL. The comparative effectiveness of each methodology was evaluated in terms of cutting forces, tool wear, and acoustic emission as an indicator to measure differences in terms of the chip morphology.


Titanium, Machining, Cryogenic, Carbon dioxide, Grooving


Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 213 (2013), S. 1027-1037, doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2013.01.021