Influence of the deep hole drilling process and sulphur content on the fatigue strength of AISI 4140 steel components

Nickel, J.1, a; Baak, N.2; Biermann, D.1, b; Walther, F.2, c

1)
Institut für Spanende Fertigung, Technische Universität Dortmund, Baroper Str. 303, 44227 Dortmund
2)
Fachgebiet Werkstoffprüftechnik (WPT), TU Dortmund

a) nickel@isf.de; b) biermann@isf.de; c) frank.walther@tu-dortmund.de

Kurzfassung

When using quenched and tempered steels in the automotive industry or other industrial applications the fatigue behavior is o f elementary importance. The surface and subsurface integrity of machined parts is known as one key factor related to the fatigue strength of components and is strongly influenced by the machining process. Especially for the deep hole single lip drilling, a large part of the cutting force is transferred to the bore wall and the surface and subsurface zone are influenced by the interaction between the tool and the workpiece material. In this study, the approach of inserting residual stresses into the bore wall and influencing the microstructure of the bores subsurface in a way, that the components can withstand a higher mechanical and dynamic load, is investigated in detail. In a close cooperation between the authors the parameters of the single-lip drilling process and the workpiece material are correlated with the produced surface quality and subsurface microstructure as well as the resulting fatigue strength of the components. For the comparative characterization of the fatigue behavior, established test procedures of destructive material testing in combination with new non-destructive test methods, such as the Barkhausen noise analysis, are applied and developed further. The results of the fatigue tests in correlation with the results of the Barkhausen noise analysis are used to design a model for predicting the fatigue strength of drilled components.

Schlüsselwörter

Fatigue strenth, single-lip drilling, residual stresses, surface integrity, micromagnetic technique

Veröffentlichung

Procedia CIRP, 71 (2018), S. 209-214