Effects on tool performance of cutting edge prepared by pressurized air wet abrasive jet machining (PAWAJM)

Wang, W., a; Biermann, D.1, b; Aßmuth, R.1, c; Arif, A.F.M., d; Veldhuis, S.C., e

1)
Institute of Machining Technology, TU Dortmund University, Baroper Str. 303, D-44227 Dortmund, Germany

a) wangw80@mcmaster.ca; b) dirk.biermann@tu-dortmund.de; c) robert.assmuth@tu-dortmund.de; d) afmarif@mcmaster.ca; e) veldhu@mcmaster.ca

Abstract

Edge preparation techniques are used to shape a proper edge microgeometry for enhanced tool performance. However, depending on the edge preparation method, the edge properties are also altered. Most of the reported work is limited to the effect of edge micro-geometry. In this paper, cutting edges prepared by pressurized air wet abrasive jet machining (PAWAJM) were evaluated from several aspects including tool edge geometries, tool surface quality and topographies, edge hardness (H) and residual stresses. Furthermore, the influence of the prepared edge on the tool performance of uncoated tungsten carbide cutting inserts with different average cutting edge rounding (S¯ ) as well as different form factor (K) were experimentally investigated through the orthogonal turning of AISI 4140 alloy steel. Results show that the performance of the prepared cutting edge depends on the combined effect of the initial state of edge geometry and edge properties For symmetric edges (form factor K=1), the optimum range for average cutting edge rounding (S¯ ) was found to be 20 μm to 30μm when using cemented carbide tools for dry machining AISI 4140 steel at a feed rate (f) =0.1 mm/rev, width of cut=3 mm, and cutting speed (vc)=300 m/min.

Keywords

Edge preparation, Wet abrasive jet machining, Cutting edge characterization, Tool life, Tool wear

Publication

Journal of Materials Processing Tech., Vol 277, 2020, 116456, , (2020), doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2019.116456