Effect of edge preparation technologies on cutting edge properties and tool performance

Wang, W., a; Saifullah, Md K., b; Aßmuth, R.1, c; Biermann, D.1, d; Arif, A.F.M., e; Veldhuis, S.C., f

1)
Institute of Machining Technology, TU Dortmund University, Baroper Str. 303, D-44227 Dortmund, Germany

a) wangw80@mcmaster.ca; b) saifulm@mcmaster.ca; c) robert.assmuth@tu-dortmund.de; d) dirk.biermann@tu-dortmund.de; e) afmarif@mcmaster.ca; f) veldhu@mcmaster.ca

Abstract

Edge preparation has gained widespread use due to its low cost and high impact. Various edge preparation methods are reported in the literature. Choice of edge preparation techniques influences the edge properties and the ensuing tool performance. The current work investigates the influence of three different edge preparation methods, brushing, drag finishing, and wet abrasive jet machining on the performance of tungsten carbide inserts during orthogonal turning. Edge preparation not only changes the geometry but also the properties of the edge. Experimental results show that a drag finished edge has the lowest edge surface roughness (Ra = 0.42 μm), while abrasive jet machining can induce 63% greater compressive residual stress than the unprepared tool. Reduction in tool wear was observed at the same stage of cutting length in the prepared edges alongside improved edge hardness. A thermomechanical finite element analysis is performed to evaluate the thermomechanical behavior of all the cutting edges. Results demonstrate that the use of prepared cutting edges enhances stress distribution and reduces the temperature. Experimental results confirm that the drag finished edge has the best overall performance out of the three edge techniques with lower cutting temperature, better stress distribution, lower cutting forces, reduced flank wear, and reduced roughness of the machined surface finish.

Keywords

Cutting edge preparation, Wet abrasive jet machining, Brushing, Drag finishing, Tool life

Publication

The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Springer London, (2019), doi: 10.1007/s00170-019-04702-1